JENIS DAN JUMLAH KONSUMSI TAMBELO, SIPUT DAN KERANG OLEH PENDUDUK DI KAWASAN MUARA MIMIKA, PAPUA
(Type and Amount of Mangrove Worm, Snail and Shell Consumed by People Live in Mimika’s Estuary, Papua)
Hardinsyah1, Agus Sumule2 dan John Letsoin2
1 Staf Pengajar Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), IPB.
2 Staf Pengajar Fakultas Pertanian (Faperta), Universitas Papua.
This study is intended to analyse type and amount of MSS (Mangrove worm, Snail and Shell) consumed by the local people live in 12 estuary villages of Mimika. About 30 people for each village – consist of children (2-10 yrs), teenages (11-19 yrs) and adults (>=20 yrs) from both sexes, were selected as subjects. The data collected include socio-economic of the family, type and amount of MSS consumption. The results showed that Bactronophorus thoracites (tambelo), Nerita balteata (snail) and Telecopium telescopium (snail), Naqueita capulina (snail) and Geloina sp (shell), Geloina cf coaxan (shell) were the six types of MSS commonly consumed by people in the study areas; and they were consumed by more than 10 % of the subjects with eating frequency more than three times a week for each. The mean intake of tambelo, snail and shell was 290.1±509.4, 96.0±271.2, and 152.8±278.6 g/week respectively in edible portion. Among the age groups, the highest intake of tambelo (433.2±627.5 g/week) and snail (133.8±387.9 g/week) was in adults, but the highest intake of shell (213.7±369.7 g/week) was in teenages. Intake data by village showed that, the highest intake of tambelo was in male of Mioko (542.1±730.8 g/week), the highest intake of snail was in female of Karaka (649.2±487.9 g/week), and so for shell (599.8±484.0 g/week). This implies that the MSS play important roles in the diet of the local people of Mimika’s estuary.
Keywords: snail and shell, mollusca, intake, estuary, Papua.
PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TENTANG MANFAAT BUDAYA DAN KESEHATAN MENGONSUMSI TAMBELO, SIPUT DAN KERANG DI MIMIKA, PAPUA
(Perception on Curtural and Health Benefit of Consuming Typical Molluscas by Mimika’s Estuary Community, Papua)
Hardinsyah1, Agus Sumule2, John Letsoin2 dan Jaan Barausau3
1 Staf Pengajar Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), IPB
2 Staf Pengajar Fakultas Pertanian (Faperta),Universitas Papua.
3 Staf Lembaga Bantuan Hukum (LBH), Kabupaten Mimika.
Some local foods have cultural and health benefits. Mollusca such as tambelo – a mangrove worm, snail and shell (TSS) contain essential amino acids and micronutrients required for optimum health. This study is aimed to analyse the perception of local community at estuary of Mimika on culture and health benefits of consuming the TSS. For this purpose 158 people of the 12 estuary villages, which consist of children (1-11 yrs), teenages (12-19 yrs) and adults (>20 yrs) from both sexes, were selected as subjects. The data collected covers socio-economic of the family, perception of subjects on cultural and health benefits of the TSS, and ways to consume the TSS. The results showed that the TSS has significant intangible benefits for culture and health of Mimika’s estuary community. In terms of culture, tambelos (Bactronophorus thoracites and Bankia orcutti) are used as a special entry food for local custome rituals; and both snails (Telecopium telescopiu, Nerita balteata, dan Naqueita capicana) and shells (Geloina cf coaxan dan Geloina, sp) are used as a special main menu for lokal costume rituals. In terms of health, the general health benefits of eating TSS is for strengthening and maintaining optimum stamina. In addition, Geloina, sp (a shell) is used for wound healing; and Bactronophorus thoracites (a tambelo), which is called as “kamoro pil” by Kamoro ethnic, is consumed to have better production of breastmilk, and to have prevention and theurepetic effects of malaria, cough, flu, rheumatic and backache, as well as approdisiac and appetite effects. Tambelo is consumed freshly, while snails and shell are steamed or roasted before they are consumed.
Keywords: health benefit, culture benefit, snail and shell, Bactronophorus thoracites
STUDI TENTANG PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DAN KEBIASAAN MAKAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA DI DAERAH DATARAN TINGGI DAN PANTAI
(Mother’s Nutrition Knowledge and Food Habits of Households in Highland and Coastal Areas)
Ali Khomsan1, Faisal Anwar1, Dadang Sukandar1, Hadi Riyadi1, Eddy S Mudjajanto1
1 Staf pengajar Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), IPB.
Eating habits refer to the behavior of a person or a group of people in satisfying the need for food, which involves attitude, beliefs, and choice of food. To understand eating habits, what ought to be considered are food consumption (quantity and quality), preference of certain food, beliefs, taboo, and attitude toward certain foods. This research aims to assess mother’s nutrition knowledge and food habits of the households. The study was conducted in a highland area of Bogor Regency and a coastal area of Indramayu Regency, West Java, Indonesia. In Bogor, 375 samples and in Indramayu 376 samples were selected randomly, so the total samples are 751. The data was collected through questionnaires. Mother’s nutrition knowledge is better in Indramayu than in Bogor. The eating frequency of 1-2 times daily is still dominant in the households of both locations of research. A food priority for the members (under five year old children) of households who are prone to nutritional problems is important to reduce the risk of malnutrition. The consumption of food from animal sources (meat and eggs) in both regions of research is generally still low, i.e. less than a piece of meat/week, and less than 1 egg/week, except for the consumption of fish in Indramayu, which is relatively high. The vegetable consumption in Bogor is relatively high, but fruit consumption is lower than that in Indramayu.
Keywords: nutritional knowledge, food habits, household
MODEL HUBUNGAN ASPEK PSIKOSOSIAL DAN AKTIFITAS FISIK DENGAN STATUS GIZI LANSIA
(The Correlation Model of Psychosocial and Physical Activity Aspect with Nutritional Status of the Elderly)
Rusilanti1 dan Clara M Kusharto2
1 Staf Pengajar Jurusan IKK, FT, Universitas Negeri Jakarta.
2 Staf Pengajar Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA) IPB.
The aims of this research was to analyze the correlation of psychosocial and physical aspect with nutritional status of the elderly reside in community dwelling. The site of study was purposively selected at three “kelurahan” : Budi agung, Baranangsiang, and Situ Gede in Bogor City. A total of 100 elderly (age range 60 – 85 years; mean 68.4 year) were actively participated. A Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) Lisrel program was used to analyse the data. The study showed positive correlation of psychosocial (r=0.07) and physical aspect (r=0.04) with nutritional status of the elderly in community.
Keywords : psychosocial aspect, physical activity aspect, nutritional status.
PENGOLAHAN DAN PENERIMAAN PRODUK KEDELAI PADA RUMAHTANGGA DI PERKOTAAN DAN PEDESAAN PULAU JAWA INDONESIA
(Household’s Processing and Acceptance Level of Soybean Products in Urban and Rural Areas in Java Island, Indonesia
Rina Yenrina1, Yuliana2 dan Deddy Muchtadi3
1 Staf Pengajar Jurusan TP, Faperta – UNAND
2 Staf Pengajar Jurusan IKK, FT – UNP
3 Staf Pengajar Departemen TPG, Fateta – IPB
The study was aimed to get data on kind of processing and acceptance level of local soybean products in rural and urban areas in Java Island. The study locations were South Jakarta (Province of DKI Jakarta); Serang and Tangerang (Province of Banten); Bekasi, Bogor and Bandung (Province of West Java); Purwokerto, Semarang and Solo (Province of Central Java); Yogyakarta (Province of D.I.Yogyakarta); Malang, Jember and Surabaya (Province of East Java). The study was a part of a grand study on processing, acceptance, and consumption pattern of local soybean products at various socio-economic level of households in Java Island in 2005. The data were obtained by interviewing and observing 2080 households (consisted of 1280 households in urban and 800 households in rural areas) selected randomly. Soybean products that mostly found in the market and consumed by households of Indonesian people, particularly in Java Island, were tempe, tauco, soy-sauce, tofu, tofu-flower, soy-sprout, and oncom. The mostly ways to process the soy products were stir-frying, deep-frying, toasting, boiling, and ‘bacem’. Besides, there were also some soy products that consumed directly at a household level after factorized processing, namely as soy-sauce and soy-milk. The average time used to process the soy-products varied, depended on the way of processing and number of the product processed. Stir-frying, especially for tempe, tofu, and tauge, was a frequent way done by poor and rich households, both in urban and rural areas. The products that mostly processed by frying in rural household was tempe, tofu and soybean, meanwhile in urban areas were only tempe and tofu. The everage time used by urban households to fry the soy-products was shorter than time used by rural households. It was found that more than 90% of households in rural and urban areas stated “like” and “like very much” tempe, tofu, and soy-sauce. However, the acceptance level of household on tauco, soy-milk, and soy-flower was still low, namely less than 50%.
Keywords: handling, processing, acceptance, soy-products.
MUTU MIKROBIOLOGIS MINUMAN JAJANAN DI SEKOLAH DASAR WILAYAH BOGOR TENGAH
(Microbiological Quality of Beverages at Elementary Schools in Bogor Tengah Subdistrict)
Dwi Ariyani1 dan Faisal Anwar2
1 Staf Pengembangan Distribusi Pangan Deptan
2 Staf Pengajar Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA) IPB
The objectives of the study were to improve the microbiological quality of beverages that significantly affected by the type of selling unit and microbiological quality. The study was carried out from March to May 2004. Three major location were selected, namely : SD Panaragan, SD Empang, and SD Papandayan, Bogor Tengah subdistrict. Determination analysis method of Total Plate Count (TPC) was used. The result of the study showed that beverages with a high risk of microbial contamination at SD Panaragan are “es doger”, “es campur”, and “es kelapa”, most of these beverages contain coconut milk; at SD Empang are es jeruk and es kemasan; and at SD Papandayan are es doger, es sirsak, es kemasan and, es teh. Microbiological quality of beverages sold by streetvendor were significantly affected by the types of selling unit.
Keywords : microbiological quality, TPC, beverage
MAKANAN TABU DI BANJAR JAWA BARAT
(Taboo Foods In Banjar West Java)
1 Staf Pengajar Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA) IPB
Food taboo in Indonesia is still a problem because there are many taboo foods. As consequences, pregnant mother, lactating mother and children do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status. Objectives of this study are 1) to identify taboo foods and 2) to identify reasons of taboo foods and 3) to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training on food and nutrition. Study was conducted in Banjar West Java from December 2005 to November 2006. A sample size 92 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 482. The household of population is farmer household who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had a large number of food taboo were pregnant women group and lactating mother group. There are 35 taboo foods for pregnant women and 24 taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ambon banana, bee, bee egg, cat fish, coconut plus red sugar, eel, coffee, bogo fish, fishing fish, gabus fish, gnetum gnemon and its leaf, ice, jack fruit, kind of jack fruit (kulur), kind of leaf (leaf of so), etc. Some taboo foods for lactating mother are banana, bean sprout, beverage made with such droplets, cucumber, eel, egg, fat food, fish, hot food, ice, innards of gurami, jack fruit, kind of cake (serabi), kind of fruit (kulur), kind of jack fruit (sukun), etc. After attending training, the knowledge on nutrition and food of the farmers increase significantly, therefore it is hoped that their knowledge can reduce their believe of the food taboo.
Keywords : Food taboo, Special Program for Food Security.